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氢氧化钾的应急处理措施

来源:http://www.jnjdbc.cn/ 日期:2022-04-02 发布人:guanli
氢氧化钾应急处理方法
Emergency treatment method of potassium hydroxide
1、泄漏应急处理
1. Leakage emergency treatment
隔离泄漏污染区,周围设警告标志,建议应急处理人员戴好防毒面具,穿化学防护服。不要直接接触泄漏物,用洁清的铲子收集于干燥净洁有盖的容器中,以少量加入大量水中,或通入二氧化碳或者弱酸,调节至中性,再放入废水系统。也可以用大量水冲洗,或通入二氧化碳或者弱酸,经稀释的洗水放入废水系统。如大量泄漏,收集回收或无害处理后废弃。
Isolate the leakage pollution area, set warning signs around it, and suggest that emergency treatment personnel wear gas masks and chemical protective clothing. Do not directly contact the leakage, collect it in a dry and clean container with a clean shovel, add a large amount of water in a small amount, or add carbon dioxide or weak acid, adjust it to neutral, and then put it into the wastewater system. It can also be washed with a large amount of water, or filled with carbon dioxide or weak acid, and the diluted washing water is put into the wastewater system. If there is a large amount of leakage, it shall be collected and recycled or discarded after harmless treatment.
2、防护措施
2. Protective measures
呼吸系统防护:必要时佩带防毒口罩。
Respiratory protection: wear gas masks if necessary.
眼睛防护:戴化学防护眼镜。
Eye protection: wear chemical protective glasses.
防护服:穿工作服(防腐材料制作)。
Protective clothing: wear work clothes (made of anti-corrosion materials).
手防护:戴橡皮手套(合成橡胶)。
Hand protection: wear rubber gloves (synthetic rubber).
其它:工作后,淋浴更衣。注意个人清洁卫生。
Others: shower and change clothes after work. Pay attention to personal hygiene.
3、急救措施
3. First aid measures
皮肤接触:立即用水冲洗至少15分钟有条件的用弱酸清洗伤口(如醋酸、硼酸)。若有灼伤,就医进行诊治。
Skin contact: immediately rinse with water for at least 15 minutes. If possible, clean the wound with weak acid (such as acetic acid and boric acid). In case of burns, seek medical attention.
眼睛接触:立即提起眼睑,用流动清水或生理盐水冲洗至少15分钟。或用3%硼酸溶液冲洗。就医。
Eye contact: lift the eyelids immediately and rinse with flowing water or normal saline for at least 15 minutes. Or rinse with 3% boric acid solution. See a doctor.
吸入:迅速脱离现场至空气新鲜处。必要时进行人工呼吸。就医。
Inhalation: quickly leave the site to a place with fresh air. Artificial respiration if necessary. See a doctor.
食入:患者清醒时立即漱口,口服稀释的醋或柠檬汁,就医。灭火方法:雾状水、砂土、二氧化碳。
Ingestion: when the patient is awake, rinse his mouth immediately, take orally diluted vinegar or lemon juice, and seek medical attention. Fire extinguishing method: fog water, sand and carbon dioxide.
氢氧化钾应急处理
Potassium hydroxide emergency treatment
隔离泄漏污染区,限制出入。建议应急处理人员戴防尘面具,穿防毒服。勿使泄漏物与还原剂、易燃物或金属粉末接触。不要直接接触泄漏物。小量泄漏:用洁净的铲子收集于干燥、洁净、有盖的容器中。大量泄漏:收集回收或运至废物处理场所处置。
Isolate the leakage contaminated area and restrict access. It is recommended that emergency treatment personnel wear dust masks and gas suits. Do not let the leakage come into contact with reducing agent, inflammable or metal powder. Do not touch the leakage directly. Small leakage: collect it in a dry, clean and covered container with a clean shovel. Massive leakage: collect, recycle or transport to waste disposal site for disposal.
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