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从五个方面来讲讲萘的生产

来源:http://www.jnjdbc.cn/ 日期:2023-05-20 发布人:admin
萘广泛用作制备染料、树脂、溶剂等的原料,也用作驱虫剂(俗称卫生球或樟脑丸)。起取代反应比起加成反应容易。下面精萘厂家从五个方面来讲讲萘的生产吧。
Naphthalene is widely used as a raw material for preparing dyes, resins, solvents, etc., and also as a repellent (commonly known as sanitary balls or camphor balls). Substitution reaction is easier than addition reaction. Let's talk about the production of naphthalene from five aspects by refined naphthalene manufacturers.
1.由石油烃制得:催化重质重整油,催化裂化轻循环油,裂解制乙烯的副产焦油等;
1. Produced from petroleum hydrocarbons: catalytic heavy reforming oil, catalytic cracking light circulating oil, by-product tar from cracking to ethylene, etc;
2.由煤焦油分离,高温煤焦油中萘约占8%-12%,将煤焦油蒸馏,切取煤油,经脱酚,脱喹啉,蒸馏得成品萘。每吨萘消耗10t煤焦油;
2. It is separated from coal tar. Naphthalene accounts for about 8% - 12% of high temperature coal tar. Distill coal tar, cut kerosene, remove phenol, quinoline, and distill to obtain finished naphthalene. 10t coal tar is consumed per ton of naphthalene;
3.粗萘经白土精制而得精萘;
3. Crude naphthalene is refined with clay to obtain refined naphthalene;
4.降膜分步结晶法
4. Falling film fractional crystallization method
结晶法生产过程由产品生产工艺系统、能源系统、氮气密封系统和计算机控制系统等组成。生产工艺系统以大循环为生产周期,每个大循环包含4个小循环,每个小循环又包含4~6个段,每个段由结晶、部分熔融和全部熔融3个步骤组成;
The crystallization method production process consists of a product production process system, an energy system, a nitrogen sealing system, and a computer control system. The production process system takes the systemic circulation as the production cycle. Each systemic circulation contains four small cycles, and each small cycle contains 4-6 segments. Each segment consists of three steps: crystallization, partial melting and full melting;
精萘厂家
(降膜结晶法操作工艺实例:由工业萘装置送来的液态工业萘送入馏分槽中,当进行第四段结晶操作时,用泵将槽中的原料液送入动态结晶器收集槽中。未结晶萘油与发汗液放入纯度低一级的馏分槽中,全熔液可作为第五段的原料。按预定程序进行六段结晶精制后即可得到产品精萘。为提高萘的提取率,可将富含硫茚的馏分送往静态结晶器中处理,静态结晶器所得的产品返回动态结晶系统的相应馏分槽,残液可作为减水剂出售。由于该装置同时采用动态和静态结晶器,既可保证较高的萘回收率,又能降低能耗。)
(Example of falling film crystallization method operation process: Liquid industrial naphthalene sent from the industrial naphthalene device is fed into the distillation tank. When the fourth stage crystallization operation is carried out, the raw material liquid in the tank is pumped into the dynamic crystallizer collection tank. Uncrystallized naphthalene oil and sweating liquid are placed in the lower purity distillation tank, and the full melt liquid can be used as the raw material for the fifth stage. After six stages of crystallization refining according to the predetermined procedure, the product refined naphthalene can be obtained. To improve the extraction rate of naphthalene Distillates rich in thionines can be sent to a static crystallizer for processing, and the products obtained from the static crystallizer are returned to the corresponding distillate tanks of the dynamic crystallization system. The residual liquid can be sold as a water reducing agent. Due to the simultaneous use of dynamic and static crystallizers in this device, it can ensure a high naphthalene recovery rate and reduce energy consumption
5.静态分步结晶法
5. Static fractional crystallization method
将原料工业萘装入结晶箱后进行快速降温,降至82℃后转为均匀降温,以2℃/h的降温速度冷却至60℃,排放富含硫茚的第一次晶析萘油,作为中间馏分待后处理。然后结晶箱内的物料以4℃/h的速度升温,间隔0.5h取样一次,测定其结晶点,根据结晶点的不同,分别排入对应馏分槽,如此进行3~4次分步结晶,可得到较高纯度的精萘。
After loading the raw material industrial naphthalene into a crystallization tank, rapid cooling is carried out, and the temperature drops to 82 ℃ before switching to uniform cooling. The cooling rate is 2 ℃/h to 60 ℃, and the first crystallization naphthalene oil rich in thionines is discharged as an intermediate fraction for post-treatment. Then, the materials in the crystallization box are heated at the rate of 4 ℃/h, sampled once every 0.5h, and their crystallization points are measured. According to the different crystallization points, they are discharged into the corresponding distillation tanks respectively. In this way, fractional crystallization is carried out for 3 to 4 times to obtain high-purity refined naphthalene.
萘的生产事项就讲解到这里了,希望能够给您好的帮助,更多事项就来我们网站http://www.jnjdbc.cn咨询!
That's all for the production of naphthalene. I hope you can be helpful. For more information, please come to our website http://www.jnjdbc.cn consulting service
此文关键词:精萘厂家 

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