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甲酸使用时工作人员需要哪些措施?

来源:http://www.jnjdbc.cn/ 日期:2020-08-28 发布人:guanli
  工作人员使用甲酸时需要做好哪些措施呢?
  What measures should be taken when using formic acid?
  1、工作人员自身的防护
  1. Staff protection
  呼吸道防护:空气中甲酸浓度超过限值,工作人员应该配备专业性的口罩。
  Respiratory protection: if the concentration of formic acid in the air exceeds the limit, the staff should be equipped with professional masks.
  皮肤接触:戴橡胶手套、穿防酸工作服(围裙)和胶靴,工作场所应设安全淋浴和眼睛冲洗器具。
  Skin contact: wear rubber gloves, acid proof overalls (aprons) and rubber boots. Safety shower and eye washing equipment should be set up in the workplace.
  眼睛:专业佩戴化学防溅眼镜。
  Eyes: professional wear chemical splash proof glasses.
  2、发生意外的应急急救
  2. Emergency first aid in case of accident
  皮肤接触:马上脱去被污染衣物,皮肤接触部分用大量清水清洗,并及时就医。
  Skin contact: take off the contaminated clothes immediately, wash the skin contact parts with plenty of water, and seek medical advice in time.
  眼睛接触:使眼睑张开,用生理盐水或微温缓慢流水冲洗患眼20分钟,并就医。
  Eye contact: open the eyelids, rinse the affected eyes with normal saline or mild water for 20 minutes, and seek medical advice.
              甲酸厂家
  泄露后吸入:脱离甲酸污染区,将患者移至空气流通、新鲜处,如有呼吸停止者作人工呼吸,同时拨打电话马上就医。
  Inhalation after leakage: get out of the contaminated area of formic acid and move the patient to a fresh and well ventilated place. If breathing stops, perform artificial respiration and call a doctor immediately.
  3、储藏和运输
  3. Storage and transportation
  储存于阴凉、干燥、通风处。远离热源、火种,避免日光直射,与氧化剂、碱类物品隔离储运。运输使用专业的运输器械,运输人员配备专业护具。
  Store in a cool, dry and ventilated place. Keep away from heat source and fire, avoid direct sunlight, store and transport away from oxidant and alkali. Transport using professional transport equipment, transport personnel equipped with professional protective equipment.
  泄漏处理
  Leakage treatment
  由专业人员,佩戴专业护具对已泄露在地面的甲酸,用砂土或其它不燃材料吸附或吸收也可将地面撒上苏打灰,并用大量水冲洗,并将水引导处理,防止污染地下水,如果泄漏量过大,一定要将泄露液体收集,转移处理,防止二次污染。
  Professional personnel wear professional protective equipment to absorb or absorb formic acid leaked on the ground with sand or other non combustible materials. The ground can also be sprinkled with soda ash and washed with a large amount of water, and the water will be guided for treatment to prevent groundwater pollution. If the leakage is too large, the leaked liquid must be collected, transferred and treated to prevent secondary pollution.
此文关键词: 甲酸  

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